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1 edition of Neural plasticity, sensitive periods, and psychopathology found in the catalog.

Neural plasticity, sensitive periods, and psychopathology

Neural plasticity, sensitive periods, and psychopathology

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Published by Cambridge University Press in New York .
Written in


Edition Notes

Special issue.

Statementeditors: Dante Cicchetti, Don Tucker.
SeriesDevelopment and psychopathology -- vol.6 (4)
ContributionsCicchetti, Dante., Tucker, Don M.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19578483M

Neuroplasticity is the capacity of nerve cells to biologically adapt to circumstances—to respond to stimulation by generating new tendrils of connection (synapses) to other nerve cells, and to. Vol Issue 2 (Neural Plasticity, Sensitive Periods, and Psychopathology) May , pp. Neural plasticity and the development of attention: Intrinsic and extrinsic influences.

  Cicchetti D. Neural plasticity, sensitive periods, and psychopathology. Development and psychopathology. May 6;27(2) Books Advanced Search New Releases Best Sellers & More Children's Books Textbooks Textbook Rentals Best Books of the Month of results for Books: "neural plasticity" Skip to .

  The high degree of visual plasticity that has been documented during the sensitive period in young children and animals leaves the brain vulnerable to abnormal visual experience. Abnormal visual experience during the sensitive period can lead to amblyopia, a developmental disorder of vision affecting ∼3% of children.   Importantly, Knudsen has argued that whatever plasticity exists beyond a sensitive period is constrained by what transpired during a sensitive period; that is, one can reshape existing circuits only to a limited degree. If there is no residual plasticity after the experience-expectant window, however, then this period is a deemed a critical period.


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Neural plasticity, sensitive periods, and psychopathology Download PDF EPUB FB2

Neural plasticity, sensitive periods, and psychopathology - Volume 27 Issue 2 - Dante CicchettiCited by: Neural plasticity, sensitive periods, and psychopathology DANTE CICCHETTI University of Minnesota Institute of Child Development and University of Rochester Mt.

Hope Family Center Neural plasticity is conceived asthe abilityof the brain to re-organize neural pathways that. Neural Plasticity, Sensitive Periods, and Psychopathology Volume 27 - Issue 2 - May Page/Article number: low to high Page/Article number: high to low Title Type Online publication date.

III. The Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology of Critical Periods in the Brain: Early Life Mechanisms that Inform Adult Neural Plasticity. It has been 20 sensitive periods since Cicchetti and Tucker () published the landmark issue on neural plasticity in Development and Psychopathology.

That forward looking issue summarized many of the important biobehavioral concepts known at the time regarding Cited by: Learning, neural plasticity and sensitive periods: implications for language acquisition, music training and transfer across the lifespan Erin J.

White1, Stefanie A. Hutka2*, Lynne J. Williams3 and Sylvain Moreno3 1 Neural plasticity Research Institute, Baycrest, Toronto, ON, Canada 2 Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

While still controversial, evidence for the existence of sensitive periods has grown, as has our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of brain plasticity. Behavioral evidence from studies of language, psychopathology or vision in humans has been complemented by evidence elucidating molecular, gene, and hormonal mechanisms in animals.

Sensitive Periods in Childhood Writing Prompts Writing Prompt 1: A sensitive period is a time when a child's brain is most receptive to a certain type of stimuli. Consequently, variation in the envi- ronment and stimulus input during an early sensitive period of neural plasticity may lead to fundamental effects on physiological, morphological, and functional aspects of central nervous system development that lay a foundation for future typ- ical, or atypical, neurobehavioral development (Black et al.

Neuronal plasticity in the brain is greatly enhanced during critical periods early in life and was long thought to be rather limited thereafter. Studies in primary sensory areas of the neocortex have revealed a substantial degree of plasticity in the mature brain, too. Neural plasticity, sensitive periods, and psychopathology.

Cicchetti D(1). Author information: (1)University of Minnesota Institute of Child Development and Cited by: Although sensitive periods are reflected in behavior, they are actually a property of neural circuits.

Mechanisms of plasticity at the circuit level are discussed that have been shown to operate during sensitive periods. A hypothesis is proposed that experience during a sensitive period modifies the architecture of a circuit in fundamental ways.

Books shelved as neuroplasticity: The Brain that Changes Itself: Stories of Personal Triumph from the Frontiers of Brain Science by Norman Doidge, The Sh.

Of course, both sensitive and critical periods represent time windows during which experience exerts a particularly strong influence on neural circuit formation. Knudsen has argued that whatever plasticity exists beyond a sensitive period is constrained by what transpired during a sensitive period.

In other words, one can reshape existing. Advances in the study of neural plasticity and sensitive periods could be utilized as a model for hypothesizing about the genetic and biological underpinnings of psychopathology and resilience. Neural Plasticity is an interdisciplinary journal dedicated to the publication of articles related to all aspects of neural plasticity, with special emphasis on its functional significance as reflected in behavior and in psychopathology.

There are also periods for filial imprinting [28,29], speech sound recognition [30–32], and social and emotional behavior [29,33–35]. These critical periods rely on proper functioning of neural circuits that process experience. Plasticity is the ability of neurons or the networks they comprise to change in response to these experiences.

Neural plasticity--the brain's ability to change in response to normal developmental processes, experience, and injury--is a critically important phenomenon for both neuroscience and psychology.

Increasing evidence about the extent of plasticity--long past the supposedly critical first three years--has recently emerged.

Neural Plasticity offers the first succinct and lucid integration of this 5/5(1). The brain undergoes multiple sensitive periods, a different one for each neural circuit, and taken together such intervals span development. Sensitive periods, and their less-forgiving cousins, critical periods, have been studied more often in perceptual systems (e.g., vision) than.

His work has several foci: 1) developmental psychopathology; 2) the developmental consequences of child maltreatment; 3) neural plasticity and sensitive periods; 4) the impact of traumatic experiences upon brain development; 5) the biology and psychology of unipolar and bipolar depressive diseases; 6) the interrelationships among molecular Reviews: 1.

In brain development and in developmental psychology, a critical period is a time window thought to be crucial for acquiring a mental ability. of the more accurate “sensitive period.

Neural plasticity--the brain's ability to change in response to normal developmental processes, experience, and injury--is a critically important phenomenon for both neuroscience and psychology. This book is a unique contribution to research and to the literature on clinical neuroscience.

Vol Issue 2 (Neural Plasticity, Sensitive Periods, and Psychopathology) Maypp. Sensitive periods in human social development: New insights from research on oxytocin, synchrony, and high-risk parenting.Vol Issue 2 (Neural Plasticity, Sensitive Periods, and Psychopathology) Maypp.

Dysplasticity, metaplasticity, and schizophrenia: Implications for risk, illness, and novel interventions.